1895, Bukama, Congo Free State (present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo)

One of the very rare female Congolese artists known at the beginning of the twentieth century, Antoinette, together with her husband Albert Lubaki and the painter Djilatento, is part of the “Congo Image Makers”, the first generation of modern Congolese painters made famous in Europe in the 20s. Antoinette paints quickly, frantically, without a precise model, without worrying about perspective, background, shadows. Often figurative, sometimes abstract, Lubaki’s colourful watercolours immortalise scenes of everyday life, describing nature and animals in a poetical way or narrating local legends and proverbs.


  • Beauté Congo – 1926-2015 – Congo Kitoko, Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art, France, 2016
  • Arts Primitifs et Arts Populaires, Centre for Fine Arts, Bruxelles, Belgium, 1929
The Bag 2022