1902, Prague, Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Czech Republic)
1980, Paris, France

A Czech artist who lived mostly in France and who, even back in Prague, was friends with the group of surrealists gathered around André Breton, she – or he, given a distaste for female pronouns – was a precursor of themes that we consider very modern today, both in life – anarchism, queerness – and in art. Toyen innovated cubism into abstract art with the explicit goal of creating art that would stir up emotions by going beyond the visual.


  • Toyen – An absolute divergence, Musée d’Art Moderne de Paris, France, 2022
  • Archive Toyen, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany, 2022
  • Toyen: The Dreaming Rebel, National Gallery Prague, Czech Republic, 2021
The Bag 2022